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PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW SUKABUMI

December 7, 2005

KOTA SUKABUMI : This report is one of three regional reports – from North Sumatra, West Java and West Nusa Tenggara – which examine regional management of public resources in a decentralized Indonesia. This report focuses on the West Java city (kota ) of Sukabumi (as distinct from the kabupaten, or district of Sukabumi). The data was gathered from numerous sources, but the bulk of the information was obtained through a series of interviews conducted periodically over several months in Kota Sukabumi with civil servants, parliamentarians, representatives of civil society, the private sector, and
citizens. Preliminary observations on the sectoral analysis and governance issues were
discussed in an open workshop held in Kota Sukabumi on January 25, 2001.

Overall, the leadership in Kota Sukabumi has been remarkably successful in grasping the
opportunities presented by decentralization, and the introduction of a number of
innovations in planning, budgeting and service delivery promises to deliver better results
to its citizens. Nevertheless, the region faces a number of decentralization-related
difficulties, including a shortage in funds for the development budget, grappling with
health and environmental issues that require broader regional cooperation to solve,
building capacity in nearly every part of government to deal effectively with problems for
which they are now responsible, and adjusting underlying incentive structures to ensure
that existing reforms are sustained and enhanced.


The report is organized in four sections. Section I describes the general characteristics of
the city and places it in the provincial and national context. Section II contains a
discussion of the specific nature of the planning process used in Kota Sukabumi to
develop the budget, and the city’s progress towards implementing a participatory
planning process. Section III examines the basic structure of the city’s budget, including
both expenditures and revenues, and any marked changes in these allocations under
decentralization. Section IV describes the financial management system governing
implementation of the budget. Section V looks briefly at the evolution of the governance
dynamics in the city, and how changes in the relationships between the citizenry, the
executive and legislative branches, and civil society might yield opportunities to enhance
the checks and balances in the budget process and ultimately to achieve their
development priorities.. Section VI evaluates several priority sectors in greater detail:
health, education and environmental management Section VII summarizes some of the
key themes that emerge from the overall analysis.

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